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HIPAA is the US statute of the year 1996 i.e. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act,1996 which was enacted on 21 August to provide security to the medical information and records of the patient. HIPAA is the prevailing law, it overrides the state laws but if any state’s law is stringent then the state laws will be implemented.
HIPAA is a Public law that aims to protect and do public welfare. As the Right to privacy is one of the fundamental rights, HIPAA ensures that people must get full insurance coverage along with privacy and security of their information to protect them from any abuse and fraud.
The Protected Healthcare Information (PHI) under HIPAA can be
HIPAA is divided into 5 sections:
Under these sections, HIPAA has an objective
Any information that reveals the identity of an individual is covered under HIPAA. There are 18 listed items in HIPAA for such information, you can check below:
What is the HIPAA Privacy rule?
The information about an individual under HIPAA such as Protected Health Information (PHI) or Personal Health Records (PHR) is limited and protected by the HIPAA provisions. Any entity covered under HIPAA is not allowed to disclose any PHI-sensitive information of the patient to a third party.
This was aimed to provide confidence in healthcare providers & protection against any fraud or abuse to the individuals/patients.
These entities are divided into Healthcare planning organizations, Healthcare Providers, and Healthcare cleaning houses. Any violation of the HIPAA Privacy Rule will result in a penalty.
The penalty is imposed on the noncompliance and violation of Privacy rule under HIPAA depending on the severity of the violation:
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